Politics and challenges of the 1999 constitution asaju, k. The landmark local government reforms of 1976 formally granted the local government administration in nigeria recognition as the third tier of government. The head of a local government is known as the chairman. A study of selected local governments in kwara state, nigeria moshood olayinka salahu grassroots development has always been a highly prioritized issue on the agenda of almost every nation of the world. Full list of local government in nigeria structure. Here is the list of all the 36 states in nigeria and abuja and their local government areas. The legal structure and role of local government administrative system in kaduna state by james kanyip introduction most nations of the world have local government administrative systems as a tier of their government, although the system may differ and may be appellated differently. Local government administration in nigeria has been in existence since 1972 and its primary function is to bring government nearer to the people at the grassroots. Public administration and local government university of. Its inefficiency and ineffectiveness in addressing the primary needs and wants of the people at the grass root has made the thirds tiers of government irrelevance in the administration of the country lowest tiers of government to the people. So to speak, the local government is the closest structure to the people since it has to do with the grassroots. Although democratically elected local government is. Local government exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. This is not unconnected with the lucrativeness of local government system in nigeria.
So far the local government system in nigeria has not been stable and thus its future remains bleak, uncertain and insecure. Oluwatobi1 introduction nigeria is rich in natural and human resources, with a population of over 150. A discourse on the theoretical imperatives in a governmental system. The school draws attention to the potential negative consequences of free interaction between politics and administration e. The administration of the local government under the leadership of comarade adewale has actually touched every facet of life in amuwo odofin local government. An overview of presidential system at the local government level in nigeria prof. There were local government elections in 1996, 1997 and 1998 but all proved problematic. The focus of this paper therefore is an examination of local government finance in nigeria using iwo local government as a case study.
A case study of anambra north senatorial zone includes abstract and chapter one, complete project material available role of traditional authority in local government administration in nigeria. The new york state department of state division of local government services. It is through an effective local government system that is obligations and duties to the people will be idealized. Local government and good governance administration in nigeria. Participation by the citizensingovernance is one of the underlying precepts of democracy and the modern notion of government. Many reasons, ranging from the political to the socioeconomic, have been given for the creation of local government. And of course this exemplary commitment has clearly enshrined his name in the history book of amuwo odofin local government and nigeria in general. Integration of mass drug administration programmes in. The role of nigeria local government in rural development. The role of local government as an agent of rural development was redefined in 1960 s when the system was.
Local government administration in nigeria is classified as the third tier of government while several problems have been its recurring decimal and various reforms since 1976 havent been able to make the system effective and responsible to developmental challenges. Local government administration in nigeria and the. Development will be insignificant in such a political system if the government does not positively affect the life of the people of the grassroots or if development eludes the grassroots dwellers. The concept of local government represents a grassroots level of administration meant for meeting peculiar needs of the people at the local level.
This article, functions of local government administration in nigeria clearly articulates the many functions of the local government administrations as enshrined in the 1979 and 1999 constitutions of the federal republic of nigeria. Historical epochs of local government administration in. Local government involves the administration of a particular district, with representatives elected by those who live there. The 1976 local government conceptual analysis there are two basic concepts that are central to this research work. Local government administration in nigeria school mattazz. Communitybased annual mass drug administration mda with safe. Politics and administration florida atlantic university. Each local government area is administered by a local government council consisting of a chairman who is the chief executive of the lga, and other elected members who are referred to as councillors. Analysis the history of local government administration in nigeria dates back to the colonial era. Exploring the nexus jide ibietan1, peter ndukwe2 abstract the main objective of this paper is to examine the nature and challenges of local government administration in nigeria using the localist theory as framework of analysis.
Sources and utilization of local government finance in nigeria abstract local government is the third tier of government, it suppose to communicate directly wit the people through their representatives. The current financial predicament of local government councils and constant pressure for increase in allocation has been in the front burner of local governments administration in nigeria. Revenue generation and local government administration in. The federal government could not cover all areas in nigeria considering how big our country is, so 36 nigerian states and capital were created but alas. Integration of mass drug administration programmes in nigeria. An overview of presidential system at the local government. The paper concludes with a treatment of the imperatives for optimizing the effectiveness of local governments in nigeria. It was introduced the east in 1955 and west in 1957 with responsibility to serve as a means of rural development in nigeria. Challenges of local government administration in nigeria. Abstract conflict in local government administration has become not only visible in recent times bul volatile. Presidential and parliamentary systems are the two universally acclaimed systems of organizing.
Local governments in nigeria relevance and effectiveness. The local government system and federalstate legislative competence under the 1999 constitution nigerian education law journal 2003 vol. Local government since its creation in nigeria has been and is still involved in the. One of the major reasons for the creation of local government in nigeria is to bring governance closer to the people. Thus, the subsequent local government decree of 1989, 1990 and 1992 have all intended to operationalize the third tier status of local government in nigeria, therefore, granting it a high degree of autonomy as well as increase in their revenue allocation. The paper canvassed the need for synergy and collaborative approach to community development and reform initiatives anchored on theory to practice policy inclination. Additionally, avoidance of tax by the private sectors and rich individuals raises a fundamental challenge to revenue generation and local government administration in nigeria. Ekiti local government administration amendment act 2008 sokoto local government act 2000. In 1950, the british system of local administration was introduced in the north through the endowment of native authority and law. In examining the deficiencies of the local government system in nigeria one of the major issues seem to be a problem of accountability of local governments along with serious capacity issues.
Historical epochs of local government administration in nigeria. This obvious challenge is what this study is set to investigate. The 36 states in nigeria and their local government areas. Local government elections in the country had been on nonparty basis. The aim of the paper is to explore good governance as it is obtained in the local governments. What are the reasons for the creation of local government in nigeria. The states could not cover all areas within themselves, as the population is ever growing and so there is occupancy of more land surfaces. Local government handbook new york department of state. Problems and prospect of local government administration in nigeria in nigeria, local government is the third tier of the administrative structure, following the federal and the state government. A case study of emohua local government area of rivers state 20012012 akujuru, chukwunonye abovu b. Local government administration in nigeria and community. These are local government and intergovernmental relations. Local government and sustainable national development in nigeria adeline nnenna idike, phd department of public administration and local government, university of nigeria, nsukka abstract it is argued in this study that despite the claims by state officials to the contrary, the pace of national development in nigeria remains abysmally. Summary nigeria is a federal republic with three tiers of government.
Conflict management in local government administration in nigeria oladoyin, anthony mayowa ph. However, the paper founds out that, the current state of local government in nigeria is characterised by unbridled interference of the state government and therefore recommends that, there is need. Llaw senior lecturer head of public administration department. The 1976 local government reform fixes the population of a local government not less than 150,000 and not more than 800, 000. Due to the exigencies of that era and in a bid not to rock the boat and create a situation. In all, there are 774 local governments in nigeria including the four area councils in abuja. Local government and intergovernmental relations in. Functions of local government administration in nigeria. The local government service commission has been empowered to handle staff matters. The state governments in nigeria welds a lot of power over local government chairmen under their state as they have the power to sack such officials at will and are in charge of conducting the local government elections through the state electoral commission. In recent years however, it is with the realization of the deplorable condition of the rural areas that calls have been made for a viable local government system in nigeria with a view to promote economic and social developments in all the nooks and corners of the country.
Aba north, aba south, arochukwu, bende, isiala ngwa south, ikwuano, isiala, ngwa north, isukwuato, ukwa west, ukwa east, umuahia, umuahia south. They were first held in 1987 during the babangida administration. The federal military government has therefore decided to recognise local government as the third tier of government activity in the nation. Community and public administration support strategy compass is the official name of the community and public administration support. The politics of local government autonomy in nigeria reloaded felix akpan, phd okonette ekanem department of public administration, university of calabar, nigeria abstract the politics of local government in nigeria reloaded has been inspired by the 20 constitution amendment process initiated by the national assembly. This was the first time local government chairmen were elected through universal adult suffrage.
Therefore, the problem of governance, particularly at the local level, has been in a. In the general discourse on the local government system in nigeria, two major influences are notable. In nigeria, several efforts have been made by various. Local government administration in nigeria and the localist theory. Relevance and effectiveness in poverty reduction and economic development ito diejomaoh research fellow, african institute for applied economics eric eboh african institute for applied economics abstract this paper examines the local government system in nigeria, its relevance and impact in poverty. Department of public administration ahmadu bello university, kongocampus, zaria kaduna state, nigeria. New york state has a tradition of home rule authority and providing citizens with a strong voice in their local governments. The findings revealed that in most of the world, local governments are seen as catalyst for rural development but in nigeria, local.958 216 1406 559 1485 623 1091 422 216 384 405 433 1519 1577 463 105 1170 904 1403 217 698 1059 661 955 138 1066 757 1152 1169 400 706 954 438 685 556 1038 1320 972 208 676 985 637 1248